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The Real Danger to Children Is Cars, Not Strangers

Elementary schools in unwalkable locations goes to show how low a priority place on children's mobility and safety. Image: Streets.mn via Google Maps
Elementary schools in unwalkable locations constrain children's freedom to walk on their own. Image: Streets.mn via Google Maps
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Free-range parenting is having a moment in the national media, after neighbors in Silver Spring, Maryland, called the police to report that two children of the Meitiv family were frequently seen -- gasp! -- walking home from a park. Whether children need to be supervised all the time or should have the freedom to navigate their community is a surprisingly polarizing topic.

The case for letting kids roam is often framed by putting "stranger danger" in perspective -- abductions and the like are are extremely rare. But even if parents aren't susceptible to irrational fears, writes Julie Kosbab at Streets.mn, they're faced with the very real threat that children will be hit by drivers. The blame for limiting children's freedom lies mostly with the way we've designed cities and towns, she says:

 Here are some hard facts:

  • Child kidnapping: In 1999 — the most recent year for which I can find coherent statistics – the number of children kidnapped in stereotypical “stranger danger” situations totaled 115, of a population of over 50 million US children. Most kids on milk boxes are the victims of parental abductions. Hell, kids are more likely to be killed by a parent than kidnapped by a stranger, per 3 decades of FBI data.
  • Child pedestrian deaths: In 1999, 449 children under age 13 were killed in pedestrian or bicycle deaths, per the IIHS. In 2013, that number was 207, of a total population of 52,723,720 children in that age group.
  • Child motor vehicle deaths: In 2013, 2,136 children under age 15 died in automobile crashes. Per the NHTSA, motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for children of every age from 2 to 14 years old, killing 6 children every day.

Meanwhile, we build unwalkable schools -- we’ve featured several on streets.mn, including in Alexandria and Mankato. Here’s an example in Blaine, bordered on on one side by a large housing development with sidewalks and bike lanes, and on two sides with 4 to 6 lane stroads featuring 55+ speed limits and no crosswalks.

Why are we building communities that are unsafe for our children? This goes beyond free range vs. helicopter parenting debates. Our infrastructure forces decisions by some parents -- and are unhealthy for our children besides!

Elsewhere on the Network today: Bike SD reports San Diego Mayor Kevin Faulconer says he wants his city to be considered one of the most bike-friendly in the world. Walkable West Palm Beach says the provision of free parking for all attendees at an upcoming transportation summit in Fort Lauderdale highlights broader policy mistakes. And Seattle Bike Blog shows off an important new protected bike lane segment the city recently added.

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