On ‘Busway,’ Would-Be Transportation God Corey Johnson Falls at the First Hurdle

Council Speaker Corey Johnson says he wants to break the car culture. Photo: Gersh Kuntzman
Council Speaker Corey Johnson says he wants to break the car culture. Photo: Gersh Kuntzman

That was fast.

One day after Council Speaker Corey Johnson gave the livable streets speech of his (or pretty much anyone’s) life, he ended up in a nasty public brawl with his would-be partners in the activist community — and to a lesser extent at Transportation Alternatives — over his apparent objection to a “busway” plan for a car-free 14th Street during the repairs to the L train.

And he ended up losing.

This saga all started on Tuesday, when Johnson’s lengthy State of the City address focused entirely on transportation issues and, as he put it, breaking the car culture. The speech earned widespread kudos among street safety activists for proposals such as municipal control of the subway system, building more protected bike lanes and pedestrian plazas, removing cars from many city streets entirely and for rethinking the current $4-billion plan to renovate rather than rip out the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway.

But the next day, activist Macartney Morris quipped that he didn’t believe that Johnson had fully gotten religion on street safety because the Speaker has never forcefully endorsed the bus-only plan for 14th Street, which would provide better transit service for passengers of the M14A and M14D, both of which just received F grades from the Bus Turnaround Coalition.

The tit-for-tat continued for a while, with Johnson taking umbrage and making it a bit personal.

In the end, Johnson claimed he had a “nuanced” position on the busway, and the debate was temporarily tabled.

Enter Streetsblog. Not wanting to see a good argument get spoiled, we asked Johnson this question on Thursday:

Mr. Speaker, as you know, Twitter loves a good fight. But Streetsblog relishes a long debate on the issues, preferably using far more than 280 characters at a time. So, please provide for us your full nuanced position in as many words as you’d like on the 14th busway, which supporters say would dramatically improve crosstown bus service. FULL AND NUANCED ANSWERS WELCOME.

Here was Johnson’s answer in full:

The L train debacle is a case study in how badly broken our transit and street planning process is, and we must fix it.

The 14th Street busway concept was originally proposed by Transportation Alternatives and was adopted as a part of the original L train shutdown mitigation plan put forth by the Department of Transportation and the Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Following a comprehensive planning process that included dozens of productive conversations with DOT, the MTA, transportation activists, my colleagues in government and local residents, I supported the busway as well as many other transportation and infrastructure changes put forth to efficiently and safely move the 225,000 riders who rely on the L train every day.

The DOT and MTA came into the community and promised that my constituents would be consulted at the end of the L train shutdown as to what changes would be made permanent. Nobody was under the impression that the proposals would immediately become permanent if the shutdown was cancelled. I don’t think it’s fair to change the rules of the game at this point, and I look forward to that community process starting again in earnest.

This is an infuriating example of why I’m proposing a Master Plan for city streets. I support breaking the car culture and getting people out of cars and into mass transit in a comprehensive, holistic way, but this has been neither comprehensive nor holistic.

I will continue working with transit safety advocates, the MTA, DOT, my colleagues in government, and my neighbors to figure out how best to move people on 14th Street in a way that promotes mass transit and encourages people to get out of private cars. We should immediately start with Select Bus Service on 14th Street, including camera enforcement and transit signal priority.

The reason I am proposing a Master Plan for our streets is because we must begin having these conversations in a larger citywide context that thinks comprehensively and holistically about the best way to improve our transportation network, especially for bus riders, pedestrians, and cyclists. I look forward to introducing legislation shortly that will require the city to undertake such plan. I am proposing a new framework for the way we have these conversations. I hope all transit advocates will support me in that fight.

Turns out, they support the fight, but didn’t think it would be with this particular sparring partner, given his clear lack of support for the first of what he promised would be many innovative, car-free initiatives. Johnson’s talk of “process” is not new, but activists like Morris rightly recontextualized Johnson’s opposition to the busway after his “Let’s Go” speech on Tuesday mapped out an incredibly aggressive agenda for street safety and livability never before presented by a candidate.

Transportation Alternatives had previously criticized Johnson over the busway and declined to go as far as Morris and others in condemning the Speaker. Still, the group issued this statement to Streetsblog on Thursday morning:

The days when transit riders are asked to just accept the bare minimum have to end.  We need new ideas and ambitious street designs that truly allow for the quick and reliable movement of bus riders. Standard SBS designs like we see on 23rd Street and 34th Street consistently receive F ratings for speed and reliability due to constant conflict with other vehicles ? and this is under “normal” circumstances. With L-train service plummeting after 8 p.m., and on the weekends, hoping that a similar treatment will be sufficient on 14th Street just doesn’t pass muster. The M14 already travels at an abysmal walking-speed of just 4 mph.

The way out of our decades-in-the-making transit crisis lies in bold thinking and doing the right thing for bus riders, even when it is hard. 30,000+ straphangers are counting on the city to speed up 14th Street bus service, and the only way to make a measurable difference is a busway.

Morris also shared his disappointed at Johnson.

The M14 bus lines are some of the worst-rated in Manhattan. Most times, you can walk faster than the bus moves. But we don’t have to wait a day longer to improve these two bus lines used by 28,000 New Yorkers every day. Never in the history of New York City has there been a more shovel-ready solution to the problem of a broken bus line. The paint for the 14th Street busway is literally already on the ground. A major rebalancing of transportation priorities on 14th Street could happen tomorrow — if Speaker Johnson wanted it to happen.

On Twitter, he expressed concern with the substance of the plan and said he was worried congestion would increase on the side streets, unaware of or disregarding decades of traffic engineering evidence from around the world. If his only concern now is that community members were told by MTA and DOT that the 14th Street busway would last only for the length of the L train shutdown, there’s an extremely simple solution: implement the busway tomorrow as a pilot project for the length of the project. While the L train is no longer going to be shutdown, it will still be extremely disrupted and service will be vastly diminished on nights and weekends, and an SBS line and frequently blocked bus lane won’t cut it. The Speaker could easily insist the previous timeline be honored and work with both agencies to use the 14th Street busway and its benefits as a test run and template for busways throughout the city in the coming years. We don’t need to scrap the last three years or start this process all over again; we need to move forward and build on what we’ve already done. If he believes there should be more rounds of community engagement, let’s at least do it after a year and a half of the busway in action, after the two bus lines have dramatically improved.

“I’m in favor of busways, but just not this one and not at this time” is not an acceptable answer for an elected official who wants to be a transit leader. If the Speaker is genuine in his desire to radically improve buses and to break the car culture that is choking this city, it’s a no brainer for him to support moving forward with the 14th St busway, regardless of Governor Cuomo’s last-minute shenanigans around the L train. Anything less will only empower bus lane foes and car free streets opponents in every borough. Many transit advocates were excited by his transit speech this week. The 14th Street busway gives him the immediate opportunity to back up those words with action. Speaker Johnson has a chance right now to lead on a major transit project within his district and to show the rest of the city how it’s done. Twenty-eight-thousand riders of the M14 A/D are waiting and hoping, and millions of other bus line riders around the city are watching.

Story was updated on Friday morning to provide more context.

  • Seereous

    Corey is right in this case. It may end up that a 14th St Busway would benefit the residents in the area and those who are more transient…but we do not know absent real studies about this locality. We do know the L-Train plans were devised as an emergency short-term solution. It may work as advertised or as hoped…but it may not. Any failure now that it is no longer necessary in that context would undoubtedly damage the possibility of a much needed citywide plan.

  • eastphilliamsburg

    More stall tactics to be co-opted by a bunch of wealthy gas-guzzlers won’t get us out of our transit crisis. Urgent action backed up by real-life examples in cities around the world will.

  • foody4booty

    I am completely confused. The busway was planned to alleviate the pain of the full time L-shutdown. The shutdown has been called off, and now Corey Johnson is not strong on Safe Streets because he no longer supports a busway that is not needed? Really? Talk about myopic thinking! Is there another place a busway would make sense?

  • Simon Phearson

    Corey needs an education.

    I believe that he is sincere when he talks about breaking car culture and agree with him that we need to think holistically about our transportation network. But he seems to be blind to the way that, historically, the oppose-local-solutions-while-calling-for-comprehensive-reform has been a tried and true, cynical tactic to stall both the local solutions and meaningful progress on the holistic solutions. As long as he’s blind to that, he’ll just repeat the same ineffectual cycle that has made Moses’ impact so enduring.

    We see examples of this all the time. When the bike lanes for 43rd/Skillman were being debated, “community members” called for putting a bike lane on Northern, instead. While a bike lane on Northern would probably be very useful, this was so obviously a non-starter for the driving constituency that its cynicism was transparent. The end result – if they were successful – would have been no bike lanes on 43rd/Skillman, and no bike lanes on Northern. Exactly what they wanted.

    So too, here. We have an opportunity to show people living and working in this city what life after car culture could be like. To defer these improvements until we’ve solved every problem citywide is to throw up our hands before the hard work has even begun.

  • Anonymous

    It was widely believed that the busway would stay in place once the L train shutdown was over. Other crosstown streets got SBS and bus lanes even without any sort of shutdown. Why should 14th St be any different?

    14th St, as well as 34th St, 42nd St, and perhaps some other crosstown routes need busways as the obvious and proven solution to the ludicrously slow crosstown bus service we’ve faced in recent years. They need them on the merits of the busway design itself.

    The 14th St busway was coupled to the L train project as a way to get through something that’s sorely needed, but would face too much “community” opposition otherwise. That is the major reason the two projects were linked.

    I’m definitely one of those disappointed with Corey – tactical solutions and a strategic long-term plan don’t have to be mutually exclusive. (It’s sad that a three-year planning process is what’s required to put some paint on the ground these days, and even that then gets dismissed as inadequately comprehensive). Transit planners can walk and chew gum at the same time.

  • Geck

    Every dedicated bus-way or pedestrianization of a street raised the specter of increased traffic in adjacent areas, even though when those things are actual implement, the fears are generally misplaced or overblown. Traffic is not a zero sum situation – not all displaced trips move to adjacent streets-some trips don’t occur (and are replaced by better transit, etc.) and other trip are more fundamentally re-routed. If fear of displacement of traffic onto adjacent streets stops these changes before they are made, no master plan is possible. Keep the 14th Street bus-way as a demo project during the L-train partial shutdown and see how it works out. Learn from it for purposes of implementing a master plan.

  • foody4booty

    I’m all for busways, but wouldn’t it make more sense to prioritize routes that do not already have subway service beneath them? This just seems duplicative and wasteful to me.

  • Reader

    “But he seems to be blind to the way that, historically, the oppose-local-solutions-while-calling-for-comprehensive-reform has been a tried and true, cynical tactic to stall both the local solutions and meaningful progress on the holistic solutions.”

    This is it exactly. Melinda Katz also did this in Queens.

    https://nyc.streetsblog.org/2017/01/27/melinda-katzs-bike-master-plan-better-be-more-than-a-delay-tactic/

    Corey should move ahead with the 14th Street plan. The simple fact is that even with a comprehensive plan, you’d still have to do each part separately. He can and should justify this project as part of his overall vision to improve transit in Manhattan.

  • eastphilliamsburg

    Because the M14 routes are in the top 10 of local bus routes citywide. They are also a key link for residents on the Lower East Side who are among the furthest from a subway stop of anyone in Manhattan.

    Better bus service on the M14 will lead to less crowding at 1st Av on the L which will address overcrowding and increase reliability all along the L line.

  • Jacob

    Seems like the car culture broke Corey, and it didn’t take long.

  • Simon Phearson

    Yeah. The main difference is that, with Melinda, I never believed she gave a shit about anyone besides drivers.

  • Sasha

    “Widely believed”? by who?
    Other SBS crosstown streets are a) neither dedicated busways, but only have a bus lane, b) nor have a fast subway line underneath running the entire length, with closely spaced stations. LES residents take the subway to the bus, not bus all the way across town. Kudos to Johnson for not drinking your kool-aid to the bottom of the glass.

  • It is a busway in name only .
    The busway as currently designed is a compromise that allows cars in the bus lanes any time of the day , as long as they stay on one block only. Deliveries are also allowed on the bus lanes, even in places where there is only one bus lane ! Getting a PROTECTED SBS lane would be far more effective and revolutionary. Let’s stop focusing on words and start focusing on solutions that really move people.

  • Seereous

    I did not get the sense that most of those opposed can be grouped together as a class of “wealthy gas guzzlers.” Sure, some may be, but the fact is that less than 25% of “Villagers” own cars. So, rather than group them into a category of “people I hate and who are opposed to everything I think is good” I prefer to group them as “primary stakeholders” who deserve being given a full analysis of the proposal for a 14th St. Busway before it is implemented.

    Personally, I think we need to focus on getting most private vehicles out of Manhattan because, unless we reduce their density, we will simply be moving the problem to neighboring streets. Just think about what happens when a street is closed off due to emergency or special event.

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