17 Reasons to Make Transit Free

The Tyee, an independent online pub in British Columbia, weighs in with the first in a series of editorials making the case for free transit in the province.

NoFares1.pngCiting the wishes of big city mayors (Michael Bloomberg and San Francisco’s Gavin Newsom) to eliminate the fare box, and listing a slew of cities that to some extent already have (including several in the U.S.), The Tyee says it’s time to put an end to the age of the "Pampered Car":

Todd Litman of the Victoria Transport Policy Institute has estimated
that in 2000 the government subsidy to each private vehicle owner was
about $5,378 in Canadian dollars

In that year, the average cost of providing each trip taken by
transit in Vancouver was approximately $5. The equivalent subsidy for
transit users would have been 1,075 free trips.
Few of us could even
use that many.

In fact, if the subsidy given private car owners were simply handed
over to each car-free transit user, bus riders would make money for
taking transit!

The story goes on to list 17 benefits of free transit, arguing that tying transit funding to the fare box is a great way to guarantee a forever-struggling system:

Let’s imagine that you are in charge
of a transit system. You feel pressure to increase service or to
maintain service despite increasing costs. You need to raise more
money. Politically and practically, for most systems, the easiest way
is to raise fares. But soon after, ridership goes down. It drops 3.8
per cent for every 10 per cent increase in fares, researchers have
found (Cervero, R., 1994). Which means you either haven’t gained much
new revenue, or worse, you’ve started spiraling downward.

Sound familiar? Of course, in an attempt to put forward something, anything, as an answer to congestion pricing, New York state legislators floated their own version(s) of transit fare relief some weeks ago. Unfortunately, for all the bluster, they seem to have disregarded another rule, also cited by The Tyee:

Making transit free of charge won’t in itself allow huge numbers of people to abandon their cars.

For that, you need a PlaN

Image: thetyee.ca 



It’s OK to Build Transit-Oriented Development Before Transit

Which should come first: transit or transit-oriented development? Streetsblog San Francisco reported Monday that residents of Mountain View, California, are trying to figure out how to accommodate thousands of tech employees without overwhelming local transportation infrastructure. One-fourth of all workers in Mountain View travel to and from an office district that houses Google, LinkedIn, and […]

Without Transit, American Cities Would Take Up 37 Percent More Space

Even if you never set foot on a bus or a train, chances are transit is saving you time and money. The most obvious reason is that transit keeps cars off the road, but the full explanation is both less intuitive and more profound: Transit shrinks distances between destinations, putting everything within closer reach. A new study published by the Transportation Research Board quantifies […]

The “Choice” vs. “Captive” Transit Rider Dichotomy Is All Wrong

The conventional wisdom about transit often divides riders into two neat categories: “choice” riders — higher-income people with cars — and “captive” riders — lower-income people who must use transit because they don’t own cars. But this framework can undermine good transit, according to a new report from TransitCenter [PDF]. In the attempt to cater only to “choice” riders or “captive” […]