Portland built its fame as a U.S. bike capital on one crucial discovery: It is fairly cheap and easy to make biking desirable in neighborhoods that were originally built for horses and streetcars. This year, Oregon's largest city will begin a new challenge: making biking desirable in a neighborhood that was originally built for cars.
Bus ridership is declining in almost every U.S. city. Some reasons are fairly obvious: Lower gas prices combined with higher transit fares and service cuts make transit less appealing. But observers aren't satisfied by those explanations alone. In Portland, one factor seems to be rising housing costs.