Is Bus Service Getting Better or Worse? New MTA Dashboard Makes It Easier to Track.

So far, though, riders can't look up the specific routes they take.

The MTA's bus performance dashboard measures bus service in terms that make intuitive sense to riders.
The MTA's bus performance dashboard measures bus service in terms that make intuitive sense to riders.

If you want to know whether MTA bus speeds are improving — or not — there’s now an easy way to check. The agency went live yesterday with a new bus performance dashboard.

In addition to bus speeds, the MTA included two other metrics that advocates were especially encouraged to see: “additional bus stop time” and “additional travel time.” These measure the extra time riders spend waiting at bus stops and on the bus, respectively, compared to the schedule. The MTA publishes the equivalent metrics in its recently-launched subway performance dashboard as well.

“It’s really great to see the MTA continuing to reaffirm its commitment to using performance metrics that actually reflect customer experience,” said Zak Accuardi of TransitCenter, which has pushed the agency to publish metrics that riders can grasp intuitively.

The dashboard allows you to chart changes in these metrics over time, and to break down performance by borough and peak/off-peak service.

Data for some metrics, including the rider-centric measures of delay, only goes back to August 2017. And unlike the bus report cards advocates publish, the MTA’s dashboard does not make information available for individual routes.

“There are almost 250 local routes in the system, so it’s just not a detailed enough view to identify which routes are doing the best and which are in need of more help,” Accuardi said.

MTA Chief of Operations Planning Peter Cafiero unveiled the dashboard at yesterday’s MTA board meeting, saying it’s a precursor to the agency’s forthcoming “bus action plan.”

“We’re really looking for this to inform our bus plan, and where to target improvements, and then to track how well we’ve been doing that,” he said.

Accuardi said the timing is encouraging. “We’re hopeful these data provide a strong foundation for the plan, and that New York City Transit seizes on the momentum generated by this performance dashboard.”

Not all of the metrics on the dashboard are helpful, however. “Service delivered,” which measures the percentage of buses that complete their scheduled runs, and “customer journey time performance,” which measures the share of riders whose trips take no more than five minutes longer than scheduled are based on “arbitrary thresholds,” said Accuardi, and don’t necessarily reflect the quality of service that riders experience.

Because these metrics are not tethered to the specific amount of time that riders lose to delay, they are more susceptible to manipulation. In the past, for instance, the MTA has responded to slower bus speeds by adjusting schedules, so the share of service delivered as scheduled could stay steady over time even as service declines.

Pressed by board members yesterday whether the agency would simply adjust schedules to improve those numbers, MTA New York City Transit President Andy Byford said the MTA is committed to “route-by-route” analysis to reduce delays.

“[We] should also be relentlessly looking into, okay, so what is it then that’s impeding that bus from sticking to schedule, rather than just giving up and adding some time to it,” Byford said.

  • The idiotic mouseover popups used to display the detailed metric explanations make it impossible to cut-and-paste from them. But the “Additional Bus Stop Time” explanation is quite vague on what how it’s calculated for buses with “longer headways” where “customers arrive more closely aligned to the schedule.” Does anyone know more about this? The values presented seem low based on my own experiences on routes with 30-minute headways (basically all the routes near me during the hours I ride them).

  • Sheldon Burke

    There’s only one significant problem with MTA bus service. It’s the total trip time, from the time a passenger arrives at the bus stop to the time he gets off the bus. Reducing total trip time would result in many more people riding buses and would produce more revenue for the MTA.

    Implementing two measures would accomplish more than all the other proposed solutions combined.

    1. Bus bunching is by far the major problem. A wait of 20 minutes or more is common, even when buses are scheduled to run every 2 or 3 minutes. A one mile trip requiring a transfer can literally take over an hour. Some cities in the U.S. and abroad have systems that have significantly reduced bus bunching. The MTA should find the best system and implement it in NYC.

    2. Fare prepayment has proven to significantly reduce travel time; examples are the M79 and M86 routes. Fare prepayment should be implemented at all bus stops on every route.

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