T.A. Urges Bloomberg Admin to Take the Lead in Parking Reform
A map of the area near Washington, D.C.’s new ballpark. Streets with variable-rate or permit parking are in color.
After calling attention last month to the traffic-reducing power of parking reform, Transportation Alternatives has released a follow-up report with a parking prescription for New York. "Pricing the Curb" [PDF] looks to innovative programs underway in Washington D.C., San Francisco, and Chicago for inspiration. With DOT taking steps toward setting variable-rate prices for curbside parking — which it calls "peak rate parking" — the report urges the Bloomberg administration to go further. A full-featured parking policy is one way the city can take on traffic without Albany’s approval.
There’s a lot of good ideas here. For instance, to win public support for curbside prices that will actually achieve vacancy targets (the higher the price, the more spots remain open), T.A. highlights D.C.’s practice of using parking revenue to fund a menu of livable streets improvements, which has won over skeptics. As DOT engages community boards in the development of pilot programs for peak rate parking, a similar solution here could help prevent prices from being watered down.
T.A. also has some advice for the Department of City Planning. While DCP has put few checks on the proliferation of public parking facilities attached to new residential construction, the report notes that San Francisco is specifically targeting off-street parking in its reform effort.
Another highlight: On page 15 there’s a reprint of T.A.’s interview with D.C. council member Tommy Wells, who has made livable streets issues a central part of his platform.
The full text of T.A.’s five main recommendations comes after the jump.
- Raise curbside meter prices and employ variable pricing in key areas
Metering should be viewed as a tool to reduce double parking and cruising
for parking. Premium curbside parking in the Manhattan Central Business
District and adjoining neighborhoods is ten to fifteen times cheaper than
off-street parking. In contrast, Chicago and San Francisco are introducing
higher meter prices on thousands of meters in their central neighborhoods,
and increasing meter hours. New York City business, planning and
environmental groups recommend that the same should be done here.
- Buy more Muni-Meters and try new parking technology
Modern meters are cheaper to maintain, more reliable, raise more money
and are better at busting traffic congestion. San Francisco and Chicago are
investing millions in state of the art parking meters, and electronic sensors
which monitor curbside occupancy and automatically adjust parking rates.
Meanwhile, New York City has a severe shortage of popular Muni-Meters,
and has few meters capable of accepting credit cards.
- Set meter rates citywide based on curbside vacancy, not politics
All three cities in this study are using vacancy targets to determine their
meter prices. This means they are raising and lowering their meter rates so
that at least one parking spot per block is always available. This practice
eliminates most double parking and cruising traffic. In contrast, NYC meter
rates vary widely depending on the community board and local politics.
- Reinvest parking revenue in neighborhood transit, cycling and walking
Washington D.C. has created an innovative program to return the revenue
from higher parking meter rates to neighborhood streetscape, bus,
pedestrian and cycling projects. This has turned neighborhood skeptics
into supporters of parking reform. Can you think of a few places that need
sidewalk repair or better bike infrastructure in New York City? This type of
reform could pay for it.
- Monitor, enforce and cap off-street parking
San Francisco recognizes that more off-street parking means more driving.
The city is "unbundling" the cost of parking from new residences, reducing
or eliminating requirements for building parking near transit and exploring
ride sharing as a way to reduce car ownership and use. In contrast, NYC City
Planning, which is responsible for setting off-street parking requirements,
does not know how much off-street parking there is, how much will be
built, or how much traffic that parking will generate. New York City should
develop a complete inventory of curbside and off-street parking for every
borough, and measure the amount of traffic created by that parking. Most
importantly, New York City needs to establish goals for the amount of
parking it wants based on environmental and traffic targets.