Will Cuomo Botch the Sheridan Expressway Removal?

The state DOT's initial concept indicates that it wants the surface road replacing this South Bronx highway to function as a through route for large trucks, not a neighborhood street.

The state DOT's initial concept for the Sheridan Expressway replacement would remain a wide, dangerous street designed mainly to move large trucks. Image: NY Governor's Office
The state DOT's initial concept for the Sheridan Expressway replacement would remain a wide, dangerous street designed mainly to move large trucks. Image: NY Governor's Office

The Cuomo administration intends to decommission the Sheridan Expressway, which cuts off South Bronx neighborhoods from the Bronx River. But will it turn the Sheridan into a walkable street or a wide, rumbling arterial for trucks?

In March, Governor Cuomo announced his intention to move forward with the removal of the Sheridan, a lightly-trafficked, Moses-era highway that connects the Bruckner and the Cross-Bronx expressways. It was a breakthrough for South Bronx neighborhood groups that had fought for years to replace the Sheridan with housing and parks. A close look at the state DOT’s initial concept for the Sheridan replacement, as well as the agency’s track record on highway removals elsewhere in New York, shows that the fight’s not over.

In Buffalo, for example, the Scajaquada Expressway is in the process of being converted into what the state DOT calls a lower-speed boulevard. But local residents who want safer walking and biking conditions in Delaware Park and the neighborhoods where the expressway runs say the state DOT’s design doesn’t go far enough. Without repurposing more space for active transportation, they say, car speeds will remain too high, pedestrian crossings too long, and bike connections too scarce.

Is the Cuomo administration’s Sheridan removal heading down a similar path? The state DOT says the final plan is still a work in progress. However, there are already some red flags.

In 2013, the city recommended converting the Sheridan Expressway to a surface street and released this concept with a much narrower roadway than the design concept revealed by the state.
In 2013, the city recommended converting the Sheridan Expressway to a surface street and released this concept with a much narrower roadway than the design concept revealed by the state.

Removing the Sheridan is supposed to decrease the footprint of the roadway, opening up land for housing and providing neighborhood residents with safe access to the Bronx River waterfront. In its 2013 Sheridan Expressway Study, the NYC Department of City Planning put forward three scenarios, and its top choice called for integrating the Sheridan into the local street network, narrowing the right-of-way to 115 feet, adding crosswalks at East 173rd, East 172nd, and Jennings streets, and making targeted safety improvements at dangerous intersections.

The state DOT’s conceptual design unveiled in March is much wider. It maintains the same number of travel lanes as the Sheridan, retaining West Farms Road and Edgewater Road as parallel side streets.

Why did New York State show a street design for its highway removal project that so closely resembles a highway, when elected officials and community organizations have called for a neighborhood-scale street? The answer appears to be related to the Hunts Point Market, one of the largest food distribution centers in the world.

For many years, Bronxites have complained about diesel trucks traveling through local neighborhoods, which have some of the highest asthma rates in the state, to reach the market. The city’s 2013 study recommended constructing ramps at Oak Point/Leggett Avenue over a lightly-used rail yard, to connect the Bruckner Expressway directly to Hunts Point Market. The idea was to improve access between the Bruckner and the market, bypassing local streets and the Sheridan.

The Cuomo administration’s plan instead proposes ramps over Edgewater Road, which will connect to both the Bruckner and the Sheridan replacement.

This is important because it shows that the administration still sees “Sheridan Boulevard” as a truck access route for the market. While it would be a marginal improvement for Bronx residents who’ve campaigned for decades to get better access to parkland and the river, the new Sheridan’s primary purpose would be the same as the old: to shuttle large, polluting trucks to and from the Hunts Point Market and connect them to the Cross-Bronx Expressway.

The state DOT says it will “develop a final plan that meets the needs of the community now and for the future.” Neighborhood advocates are intently focused on the state’s “lower level” environmental study for the Sheridan project, which is already underway. To deliver the safe neighborhood street network and reduction in truck traffic that local residents have been clamoring for, the Cuomo administration will have to make major changes to its plan.

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