DOH: Motorist Crashes, Again the Top Killer of NYC Kids, Are Preventable

Image: DOH
Image: DOH

Each year the Department of Health and Mental Hygiene reports on the top causes of injury-related death for children in New York City, and traffic crashes consistently top the list. That remains true in the newest report [PDF].

The DOH report draws on crash data from the medical examiner’s office and DOT. From 2003 to 2012, an average of 44 kids aged 1 to 12 died annually from injury-related causes, including fires, suffocation, and falls, the report says. The largest share — 40 percent — were killed in traffic crashes. Of the 110 children aged 1 to 12 killed by motorists during that period, 78 were struck while walking.

Between 2009 and 2011, 23 kids aged 1 to 12 and 25 children aged 13 to 17 died in traffic crashes. Of those, 65 percent were struck by drivers while walking, 6 percent were hit while riding bikes, and 29 percent were riding in or driving a car.

Though boys, black children, and children from the poorest neighborhoods are a disproportionate share of the victims, traffic crashes were the top cause of such deaths for boys and girls across all races and ethnicities and all levels of neighborhood poverty.

The report says 19 of 31 kids aged 1 to 17 killed while walking between 2009 and 2011 were crossing against the traffic signal or crossing mid-block. But it does not specify how driver behavior or street design factored into those crashes. Instead, the report makes a general statement that driver behaviors “such as” inattention and failure to yield contributed to child pedestrian deaths. The report does not say what role driver speed, the leading cause of NYC traffic fatalities, played in crashes that killed children who were walking and biking.

Image: DOH
Image: DOH

The report includes boilerplate recommendations for adults to teach children how to walk and bike on city streets. The DOH advises drivers to obey the speed limit, yield to pedestrians, and watch for children.

Most important, the report says officials and community leaders should support expanded use of speed and red light cameras, safer street designs — including bike lanes — and enforcement of speeding and failure to yield.

“Injuries are often inaccurately seen as a result of ‘accidents’ that cannot be anticipated or avoided,” the report says. “However, most injuries follow patterns that can be predicted and potentially prevented.”

ALSO ON STREETSBLOG

DOH Report on Child Deaths Offers No Solutions to Biggest Problem: Traffic

|
"Non-Transport Accidents" includes burns from fire and scalding liquids, falls, and several other causes of injury. "Transportation Accidents" is mainly comprised of kids on foot killed by autos. Chart: NYC Department of Health. Yesterday the Department of Health released its yearly report on child fatalities [PDF], which focuses on deaths due to injury. This year’s […]

Confirmed: New Yorkers Reap Health Benefits From Walking and Biking

|
Graphic: NYC Department of Health The NYC Department of Health announced the results of a citywide survey today [PDF] assessing the health benefits of regular walking and biking. Based on telephone interviews with more than 10,000 New Yorkers, the health department reveals that people who incorporate walking and biking into their daily routine are significantly […]

Department of Health Takes a Snapshot of Bed-Stuy Cyclists

|
Image: NYC Department of Health The city’s Department of Health has made encouraging physical activity, which can help prevent obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and other ailments, a top priority. As part of promoting healthy lifestyles, the Department’s Brooklyn District Public Health Office spent last summer studying cyclist behavior in Bedford-Stuyvesant to learn who in that […]