How long does it take the Department of Design and Construction to build out a pedestrian plaza with permanent materials? How about a protected bike lane separated from traffic by concrete curbs? Sidewalk extensions?
The answer, if you can call it that, is “anyone’s guess.” Or, to be slightly more specific, “anyone’s guess, but at least a few years and maybe several.”
When the city has to move curbs or tear up subsurface infrastructure like sewers to redesign a street, the project gets built by DDC. But DDC takes so long to build things that DOT has become adept at avoiding this process. Whenever possible, DOT uses paint, planters, and light construction techniques to implement projects without digging up the guts of a street.
When DDC is involved in street redesigns, the agency tends to miss one deadline after another, taking years to complete projects. Not only does the public have to wait for the benefits of a redesign to materialize, but by the time DDC gets around to building something, the public process is usually a distant memory and all the energy that went into advocating for the project has dissipated. As we saw recently with the West Street segment of the Brooklyn Waterfront Greenway, this creates openings for misinformation to spread and leads to even more drag on getting projects done.
So what takes so long? Why can’t DDC deliver projects in a reasonable amount of time?
Streetsblog checked in with DDC to get status reports on seven delayed street projects. Here’s what they told us, and how the current timetables measure up to what was promised initially.
1. The Brooklyn Bridge Gateway: At Least a Year Behind Schedule
In 2009, DOT began public outreach and released a conceptual design for the Brooklyn Bridge Gateway Project, which will create better biking and walking connections on the streets that funnel into the Brooklyn side of the bridge. The design was finalized by 2011, but the department didn’t lock down the necessary funding until early 2014.
Initial project timeline: The project got a supportive vote from Community Board 2 in February, 2014, and Phase I was slated to break ground in late 2014 or early 2015, with an estimated construction time of 18 months.
Current DDC official projected completion date: 6/16/2017
DDC says: “There were delays due to changes and updates during the design phase of the project. We anticipate construction activity to begin in early spring 2016.”
2. DUMBO/Vinegar Hill Street and Plaza Reconstruction: More Than a Year Behind Schedule
Brooklyn Community Board 2 endorsed this project — which will repair cobblestone streets, improve sewage systems, add flat stone strips for cycling, and expand the Pearl Street Triangle Plaza — in mid-2013, and the Landmarks Preservation Commission approved it later that year. The project is a link in the Brooklyn Waterfront Greenway, providing a smooth biking surface on DUMBO’s uneven cobblestones. According to DDC, the project is on hold as the city determines who legally owns underground vaults beneath the neighborhood’s streets. The DDC database lists the projected completion date as July, 2019, nearly three years later than the date DOT originally told the community.
Initial project timeline: Construction was set to begin in fall 2014 and take two years.
Current DDC official projected completion date: 7/18/2019
DDC says: “The project design is on-hold pending resolution of the underground vault that are underneath the existing sidewalk and a portion of the roadway. These vaults underneath the sidewalk may belong to private property owners. DOT and NYC Legal personnel are dealing with the legal matter related to this issue.”
3. Brooklyn Waterfront Greenway, Flushing Avenue: More Than a Year Behind Schedule
This project will add a two-way protected bike path and extend the sidewalk by the Brooklyn Navy Yard, one of the most important transportation links in the greenway. CB 2 gave its nod of approval in October, 2013, but while construction was slated to begin a year later, Flushing Avenue has yet to see any substantial work. Milton Puryear of the Brooklyn Greenway Initiative told Streetsblog that the project was delayed due to subsurface infrastructure work that must happen before construction. Puryear said he expects construction to start sometime this year.
Initial project timeline: Construction was set to begin in fall 2014.
Current DDC official projected completion date: 6/4/2017
DDC says: “Utility relocation work is underway. DDC construction activities can commence only after the utility relocation nears completion, expected in mid-Winter 2016.”
4. Brooklyn Waterfront Greenway, West Street: More Than a Year Behind Schedule
West Street sits at the Brooklyn Waterfront Greenway’s northernmost point. As with the rest of the Greenway projects, the West Street redesign was developed over the course of a number of years with ample public outreach. That process ended in 2012 when Brooklyn CB 1 gave the project the thumbs up. Since then, there hasn’t been any visible construction on West Street and, with progress stalled, some people have started turning up at CB 1 meetings to try to halt the project altogether.
Initial project timeline: In 2012, Streetsblog reported that “construction could begin in 2014.”
Current DDC official projected completion date: 10/31/2017
DDC says: “DDC construction activity is expected in early spring 2016.”
5. Astor Place Reconstruction: More Than a Year Behind Schedule
Astor Place and Cooper Square have been in the process transforming for a decade. In 2008, DDC and DOT unveiled the initial design, which aimed to turn a complicated and busy traffic triangle into multiple public plazas with ample space for pedestrians. The project received community board approval in January of 2011. At the time, DDC told Streetsblog that construction would begin in the spring of 2012. It did not break ground until mid-2013 and, despite a January 31 projected completion date, appears far from finished.
Initial project timeline: DDC told Streetsblog in 2011 that construction would begin in spring 2012.
Current DDC official projected completion date: 1/31/2016
DDC says: “There are delays due to utility interference and additional work from our client agency [DOT].”
6. Roberto Clemente Plaza: Two Years Behind Schedule
Mott Haven business leaders and residents are up in arms about the lack of progress on Roberto Clemente Plaza. In addition to a new memorial for the late baseball legend and humanitarian Roberto Clemente, the project will build a 15,000-square-foot plaza out of permanent materials. For now, though, The Hub/Third Avenue BID Director Steven Fish says he spends his days watching inactive workers do nothing on a years-old construction site filled with trash. Fish said he has not seen construction on the site since he began working in the neighborhood in July. In October, his organization hosted a town hall to address concerns about the project, but received no word from DDC representatives in attendance as to when the project would actually be done.
Initial project timeline: DDC broke ground in 2013 with an 18-month timeline for completion.
Current DDC official projected completion date: 8/13/2016
DDC says: “DDC is working closely with our general contractor for a successful completion of the Roberto Clemente Plaza. Our contractor was experiencing financial difficulties and have filed bankruptcy. While there is no apparent work currently due to the holidays, we are working diligently with our contractor to complete this project and to minimize further delays. We will continue to remain good neighbors to the residents and businesses in the communities experiencing our construction activities.”
7. Church Avenue Reconstruction: More Than Two Years Behind Schedule
Church Avenue BID director Lauren Collins requested capital improvements along a busy stretch of Church Avenue between Coney Island Avenue and Flatbush Avenue. The project will build out curb extensions at seven intersections along one of Brooklyn’s more dangerous corridors for pedestrians. In 2013, Collins reported that DDC hoped to complete the project over the course of 2014, but construction has yet to even start.
Initial project timeline: Construction was expected in 2014.
Current DDC official projected completion date: 3/2/2017
DDC says: “We are still in the early phases with this project, please check back next year  for updates.”