Red Flags for Transit in Cuomo’s State of the State Address

Governor Andrew Cuomo focused heavily on jobs and the economy in his 2012 State of the State address this afternoon. He also devoted a few minutes to his infrastructure initiatives. Yet, despite serving as chief executive of the state where residents depend the most on transit service and transit infrastructure for access to jobs, Cuomo spent about as much time discussing the MTA as the 1953 Corvette.

So far, Andrew Cuomo is on track to pick up a second ##http://www.streetsblog.org/2011/12/29/the-2011-nyc-streetsies-part-2/##Mr. Magoo award## at the end of 2012.

“We have a great opportunity to rebuild New York,” Cuomo said, introducing his infrastructure agenda by citing the state’s inventory of deficient roads and bridges. “We have much work to do and we need a new approach to get it done.”

Was he talking about a new smart-growth program to rein in the costs of sprawl? Maybe a new initiative to invest in the MTA’s capital program? Far from it. The “new approach” centers around public-private partnerships (P3s) to finance infrastructure projects.

The first project Cuomo mentioned was the new Tappan Zee Bridge, which his administration plans to build without a transit option. Referring to the lengthy public process that produced plans for a bridge with transit, Cuomo said, “Fifteen years of planning and talking and commiserating is too long. It’s time to build, to act, to perform.” More of the same from the first winner of Streetsblog’s Mr. Magoo Award for shortsightedness.

Streetsblog will be looking into the specifics of Cuomo’s infrastructure proposals in the days ahead. For now, the outline Cuomo gave in today’s speech includes a few red flags worth noting:

  • A big part of his infrastructure agenda is to “master plan” all of the state’s major construction using a new body composed of “private sector experts and leaders of the legislature.” This entity would coordinate capital investment between multiple agencies, including the MTA, the state DOT, and the Port Authority. It’s hard to see how merging the MTA capital program with other vast agencies, which are also starved for funds, can work to the advantage of transit riders or the MTA. The fact that politicians will have a direct hand in the coordination is not reassuring.
  • Speaking of the private sector, Cuomo wants to attract 20 private sector dollars for every dollar of public investment in infrastructure. As Streetsblog’s Noah Kazis has reported, the money to pay back those investors still has to come from somewhere. The question is where.
  • Cuomo played up an enormous mega-project — the $4 billion redevelopment of the Aqueduct Racetrack into the nation’s largest convention center — as a signature job creation initiative. The Aqueduct, located in Ozone Park, Queens, is just barely served by the subway system. On the flipside, one of the lone acknowledgments of urbanism came when Cuomo said the Javits Center site on Manhattan’s West Side would be redeveloped “along the Battery Park City model.” It wasn’t the most current reference, but the governor at least seemed to acknowledge that the new district should have a mix of uses.

The biggest red flag was probably what Cuomo left unsaid. He never mentioned the hole in the MTA budget he opened up by cutting $320 million in annual dedicated transit taxes. Cuomo has pledged to plug the gap, but never explained how. Today he shed no light on the situation, nor did he acknowledge that the state needs to maintain transit service to keep New York’s economy going.

Update: Initial reactions from advocates are coming in…

I emailed Gene Russianoff of the Straphangers Campaign for his take on Cuomo’s plan to coordinate capital investment among different agencies. He said a limited arrangement could be beneficial. “The devil’s in the details,” he wrote. “The big agencies already have a good deal of capital construction expertise. But sharing knowledge and experience couldn’t hurt.”

In a statement, Transportation Alternatives’ Paul Steely White said Cuomo ignored the links between transit investment, job creation, and access to employment:

While the Governor is right to call for greater investment in infrastructure, Albany cannot continue to give short shrift to funding transit across our state. Public transit projects create a jobs dividend that stretches from the five-boroughs to Upstate New York. From manufacturing jobs in the North Country to construction jobs in the metropolitan area, fully funding public transit not only helps get millions of people to work every day, it creates good-paying jobs for New Yorkers.

  • Until politicians start addressing sprawl and smart growth, “infrastructure” and “jobs” is just a dog-whistle for “more highway boondogles”. 

  • Guest

    What’s the history of this $4B investment in the Aqueduct convention center? Is the idea to sell the Javits land and plow that into direct subsidy and tax credits for a private firm to build and operate an Aqueduct convention center? Why would it be attractive for conventioneers to travel out to Aqueduct away from Broadway shows and Manhattan’s other amusements? Seems like a pain in the butt. Or, is this just about building a new, mini-Los Vegas, convention/gambling destination in the middle of low density Queens?

  • At the pace things happen in New York, Cuomo will be long gone years before any of his “ideas” come into effect. 

    I wonder if he realizes his ideas now will haunt him among the liberal party base when he runs for president in 2016.

  • vnm

    Here’s one reason for optimism about the proposal to merge oversight of capital programs of the MTA, DOT, etc. When looking at project-by-project benefits across agencies with different duties, MTA projects are going to compare very favorably. Imagine you have X dollars and it can go to rehabbing a subway station that serves XX,XXX people per day, or rehabbing an upstate bridge that serves X,XXX people per day, the only way you can divert resources away from transit is if you funnel money into different agencies that are operating separately. (I.e, what happens now.)

  • When I think, “where is a great place to have a big, expensive convention?” Ozone Park, Queens is totally it. Not Moscone (or Moscone West) in the middle of downtown San Francisco. 

  • Linda Reznick

    Great point.  Shoring up public transportation options could have multiple benefits -helping people get to work, creating jobs and greening the environment.  I live in upstate New York, and public transportation is problematic here as well. I have just emailed Senator Gillibrand  asking her to consider federal incentives for this kind of local project.

  • JK

    Couple things: Cuomo didn’t propose spending $4B in tax dollars on the Aqueduct convention center. He proposed giving state land worth much less to the Genting company to build the center as part of a new gambling complex. Selling off the Javits site for funds for Penn Station (or MTA capital plan) isn’t a bad idea. The big unknown is whether the state tax payer will have to share Genting’s risk.

    Second, Cuomo didn’t propose “merging” the MTA capital plan with other plans. We just don’t know  what he is talking about here. But since the state provides zero dollars for the MTA Capital Plan, it’s not clear any “merging” or raiding of MTA Capital funds is possible. 100% of the MTA capital plan is funded by MTA bonds for a legally approved capital plan. MTA bonds are backed by MTA revenue. The MTA board already approved the 2012,13,14 capital plan, and will be seeking approval from legislative leaders in the next few months. It would be a politically enormous act to scrap this MTA capital plan and try and divert MTA bonds. Not only would the capital plan be delayed, the mayor, downstate legislators and NYC business leaders would have a very hard time stomaching the diversion of MTA capital funds (which the business community values highly.) So, all and all, a “merger” raid on MTA Capital funds seems highly unlikely. Also unlikely is for Cuomo to reduce the power of the MTA board and cede authority to some new super-infrastructure board. It’s not going to happen. 

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