“Movement Afoot” to Drop Downtown Brooklyn Parking Minimums

downtown_brooklyn_1108.jpgNew York’s third central business district doesn’t need mandatory parking minimums. Photo: Brownstoner

As reported in the Wall Street Journal, the Department of City Planning is currently studying the merits of parking minimums in some of New York’s transit-rich neighborhoods, like Harlem and western Brooklyn and Queens. And local interests in at least one neighborhood, Downtown Brooklyn, are starting to mobilize around the issue. While the coalition has yet to go public, sources say there have been preliminary discussions about reducing, or even eliminating, parking minimums in the area, which would be a big victory for sustainable transportation.

Right now, parking minimums in Downtown Brooklyn force new developments to include huge garages, effectively subsidizing driving in one of New York City’s most transit-rich neighborhoods. For example, the zoning for the Downtown Brooklyn special district [PDF] requires some residential buildings to provide off-street parking spaces for at least 50 percent of all units. In other cases, the ratio is 40 percent. In practice, this means that a big development like the Toren building, which has branded itself as one of Brooklyn’s greenest buildings, had to dedicate its second and third floors to parking.

"There is a movement afoot to eliminate or decrease the parking minimums," said Hope Reichbach, the communications director for Council Member Stephen Levin, who represents the area. Noting that this push is in the earliest stages, though, she wouldn’t say who was participating in discussions.

Whatever proposal emerges to reduce parking requirements in Downtown Brooklyn is likely to have Levin’s support, said Reichbach. "There’s a lot of public transportation to Downtown Brooklyn and the council member definitely wants to encourage alternative modes of transportation," she explained.

Reichbach argued that Downtown Brooklyn was almost as congested as Manhattan, where parking is restricted below 60th Street to comply with the federal Clean Air Act, and that Brooklyn deserves to be treated the same way. "It just seems like a no-brainer at this point, just walking around Fulton Street," she said.

This round of discussions about parking minimums hasn’t reached Community Board 2 yet, said District Manager Robert Perris, but he knows it’s been tried before. "I know the Downtown Brooklyn Partnership, on behalf of certain developments, and the Brooklyner was one of them, went to DCP and said these figures are crazy here," recalled Perris. "They were not successful in those negotiations." The Partnership refused to comment for this story. 

One local business group, the MetroTech BID, said that it hadn’t been part of any negotiations over parking minimums, but would support reducing them. "The BID has felt that those parking requirements are not only onerous but even unnecessary in areas like Downtown Brooklyn," said executive director Michael Weiss, noting the well-developed transit and bike infrastructures in the area. Building so much parking just encourages people to drive to work, argued Weiss. The parking areas fill up, he said, "but that’s more because they exist than because there’s such a demand." If there was less parking, Weiss believes, "they’d take all the other means that are available to them." 

Update: Reichbach writes in to say that, in fact, Levin is only open to considering reducing parking minimums at this point.

  • Great news. A lot of these new residential buildings, especially rentals, will end up with acres of unused parking — or will have to subsidize the prices to fill them up. There’s no reason why we should insist on making developers build more parking than their buildings need because of rules applied on a broad, citywide scale without regard for the incredible bounty of public transportation available to Downtown Brooklyn.

  • this change cannot come soon enough. after downtown brooklyn shows that business won’t crumble without parking minimums, perhaps other neighborhoods with solid transit infrastructure will embrace them… and then other areas will aim for ample buses and bikes rather than parking lots.

    should this change actually happen, does anyone know if a building with excess parking can get grandfathered in and repurpose that space? I envision loads of vehicle parking spots becoming cheap indoor bike parking.

  • Boris

    One thing I still don’t get is this: if the Clean Air Act ruling admitted that mandatory parking requirements cause air quality to decrease to the point of violating the Act, why is this fact so widely ignored? Why are there no followup lawsuits?

  • poncho

    I like the Duany approach… whatever your parking minimum is, make that your parking maximum. Most city’s parking minimums are so high to begin with that for walkable urbanism that benchmark should be used for the maximum, not the minimum. Then again in a place like NYC where car ownership is minimal, you could just leave it to the market to determine how much parking. I doubt under that scenerio you would see excessive parking.

  • This is an altogether worthy effort. Reducing the parking minimums was one of the things the communities argued for in the Downtown Brooklyn rezoning – the 2004 rezoning that permitted buildings like the Brooklyner and the Toren to be built. Obviously we were unsuccessful at that time, but this and many of our predictions have been proven true. There is good energy and good public policy behind this idea.

  • Diana L

    This is all good, but what about all the metered parking along the very congested stretch of Flatbush Avenue Extension where Toren is located? And what about the on-street parking permits that encourage the Health Department Employees in the facility up the street to bring their cars to the area instead of taking public transportation?

  • tom murphy

    I remember driving to Metro Tech (where I worked) on my way to a funeral. This was the only time I drove there on a workday. I usually took the train; or biked, on occasion.
    Since this would be a short but necessary visit I sought a metered spot. There were none to be had. It was only ten AM and the meters were just ‘going legal’ but the spots were already filled. Of course, every car there had a FDNY permit.
    This brings me to my question: When are you going to take on the uniforms? and the MTA workers? and the teachers?

ALSO ON STREETSBLOG

Reforms to Parking Minimums on the Table for Many NYC Neighborhoods

|
Last month, the New York Times gave some much-deserved attention to the parking reforms working their way through the Department of City Planning. In a pair of articles, real estate reporter Marc Santora revealed how efforts to reform the city’s outdated parking minimums, which promote driving and make housing less affordable, are progressing. (Santora unfortunately made […]

If DCP Won’t Scrap Downtown BK Minimums, Is Broader Parking Reform Dead?

|
The proposed reduction of parking minimums in Downtown Brooklyn, though seriously insufficient, is good news for housing affordability and environmental sustainability in New York City. But it’s terrible news for those hoping to see broader reforms of New York City’s parking requirements. If the Department of City Planning felt so politically constrained that it could […]

Planning Commission OKs Paltry Parking Reform for Downtown Brooklyn

|
The New York City Department of City Planning announced yesterday that the City Planning Commission has approved a measure to reduce Downtown Brooklyn’s onerous parking minimums. But the commission, chaired by Amanda Burden, appears to have wasted an opportunity to improve on the timid reforms. The good news is that new developments in Downtown Brooklyn, […]

DCP Proposal Will Cut Downtown Brooklyn Parking Minimums in Half

|
Downtown Brooklyn’s mandatory parking minimums would be cut in half for new development and eliminated outright for affordable housing under a plan from the Department of City Planning. The change is significant — the first rollback of the costly and car-ownership inducing requirements under the Bloomberg administration — but doesn’t go far enough. Even by DCP’s own […]

Markowitz: Loosen Downtown BK Parking Regs for Older Buildings Too

|
Borough President Marty Markowitz wants to reduce parking minimums in Downtown Brooklyn, and he thinks developers should be able to convert existing parking spots to other uses. This spring the Department of City Planning unveiled a plan to cut Downtown Brooklyn’s onerous parking requirements in half, and Markowitz’s recommendations [PDF] are the latest step on […]